Padmasambhava or Guru Rinpoche sitting on a thousand petaled lotus Padmasambhava, also known as Guru Rinpoche, or Precious Teacher, is considered to be a direct emanation of the Buddha. In the eighth century he took a crucial role in bringing Buddhism from India into Tibet. At that time King Trisong Deutsen of Tibet was encountering many obstacles in fulfilling his wish to establish Buddhism in his country. Hearing of the great spiritual power of the Indian master Padmasambhava, he invited him to Tibet, and there Guru Rinpoche subdued and transformed the harmful influences that were obstructing the flourishing of Buddhism. Thereafter, Guru Rinpoche and his main disciple and spiritual companion, Lady Yeshe Tsogyal, traveled throughout Tibet and taught the esoteric theories and practices of Vajrayana Buddhism, whereby one can attain enlightenment in one lifetime. This tradition of spiritual practice has been passed on in an unbroken lineage from realized teacher to disciple until the present day.